Feb
02
2009

What is Ankara’s City Profile?

The Anit Kabir, the monumental mausoleum to Mustafa Kamel Ataturk in Ankara, Turkey - courtesy Alaskan Dude - CC-BY

The Anit Kabir, the monumental mausoleum to Mustafa Kamel Ataturk in Ankara, Turkey - courtesy Alaskan Dude - CC-BY

Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the country’s second largest city after İstanbul.

Just like many other ancient cities, Ankara has gone by several names over time. The Hittites gave it the name Ankuwash before 1200 BC, and the Romans called it Ancyra. The city’s history can be traced back to the Bronze Age Hatti civilization. An estimated 200,000 people lived in Ancyra during the Roman Empire.

In 1923 it was officially declared as the capital of the Republic of Turkey.

Ankara has many parks and open spaces mainly established in the early years of the Republic and well maintained and expanded since. As Ankara started expanding westward in the 1970s, there are several modern, suburban developments and mini-cities along the western highway, also known as the Eskişehir Road. Ankara is about as European as Turkey gets. There are touches of the east if you know where to look but most of the city is 20th century through and through. There are many interesting museums and sites to visit in Ankara, a skiing center nearby, and a good nightlife.

Ankara is served by Esenboğa International Airport.  Public transportation is by taxi and a bus network which covers every part of the city.

Ankara is one of the driest places in Turkey. It has a harsh, dry continental climate with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers.

Ankara has a population of 3,763,591 (2007)

+90 is the international dialing code for Turkey and
312 is the area code for Ankara

For more information about Ankara

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