Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is the country’s largest city.
The earliest archaeological evidence for settlement in today’s Berlin is a wooden beam dated from the late 12th century. Later, the Thirty Years’ War had enormous consequences for Berlin. A third of the houses were damaged and Berlin lost half of its population. In the 19th century the Industrial Revolution transformed Berlin, the city’s economy and population expanding rapidly. After World War II, the Allies shared responsibility for the city. While the German Democratic Republic was established in East Germany, West Berlin remained a free city that was apart from the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany. In October 1990 the two parts of Germany were reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany, and Berlin became the German capital according to the unification treaty. In June 1991 the German Parliament, the Bundestag, voted to move the (West) German capital back from Bonn to Berlin.
Berlin’s history has left the city with an eclectic variety of architecture and buildings, with the Brandenburg Gate as the iconic landmark of the city. Berlin has regarded itself as a city of know-how since the days of Friedrich the Great in the 18th century. The political and social developments of the 19th and 20th centuries are visible in Berlin’s cityscape. Berlin reflects both the history of European architecture and differing approaches to dealing with the consequences of war and destruction.
Today Berlin has all the amenities found in any large city with excellent restaurants, museums, shopping and night life.
Berlin Summers are warm with average high temperatures in the mid 70s degrees Fahrenheit and lows in the mid 50s. Winters are cold with average high temperatures in the upper 30s and lows in the 20s.
Berlin is served by Berlin Brandenburg International Airport. Public transportation is excellent and includes a variety of means.
Berlin has a population of 3,416,300 (2007)
+49 is the international dialing code for Germany
30 is the area code for Berlin
For more information about Berlin
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