The Bent Pyramid is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt. This was the second pyramid built by Sneferu, his first pyramid having suffered catastrophic collapse.
The lower part of the pyramid rises from the desert at a 55-degree angle, but the top section is built at a much shallower angle of 43 degrees, giving the pyramid its “bent” appearance.
The most commonly accepted premise for Egyptologists is that due to the steep angle of construction, evidence of failure began to show. Not wanting to repeat the results for Seneferu’s first pyramid, the architects ordered the lower construction angle to reduce the weight on the upper parts of the structure. It seems to have worked as the Bent Pyramid is one of the best preserved and still wears most of its outer casing.
The adjacent ‘Red Pyramid,’ built immediately afterwards by the same king, was constructed at an angle of 43 degrees from the beginning giving it a ‘flat’ appearance when compared to the others.
This was still the ‘experimantal’ age of pyramid building in Egypt. The knowledge of the art of pyramid building was not a ‘sudden’ event, as many purveying their New Age nostrums would have us believe. There was a long period of development and experimentation before the first ‘true’ Egyptian pyramid was built.
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