London is the capital of both England and the United Kingdom and is the country’s largest city.
London was founded by the Romans in 43 AD as Londinium. London grew in both wealth and population during the Middle Ages. By 1100 its population was around 18,000. By 1300 it had grown to almost 100,000. London can’t be characterized by any particular architectural style. It has accumulated its buildings over a long period of time and from a wide range of architectural influences. But there is an overwhelming sense of ‘brick.’
London is made up of two ancient cities which are now joined together. They are the City of London which is the business and financial heart of the United Kingdom and the City of Westminster, where Parliament and most of the government offices are located. Buckingham Palace, the official London residence of the Queen and the Royal family is in Westminster too.
For live theater lovers, London is a paradise. There are over 100 theaters in London, including 50 in the West End. London is also overflowing with exciting places to drink and dine along with an exciting night life. London is the shopping capital of the world, from Bond Street to the Oxford Street fashion stores and street markets
As London gears up for the Olympics being held there in 2012, the city has a feeling of excitement and going all out to attract visitors. The city is rich with top quality museums, churches, government buildings and more. And one can find out for oneself whether the British Museum has lost its charm, as the song says.
Summers are warm with average high temperatures of 24 °C (75 °F) Winters in London are chilly, but rarely below freezing with daytime highs around 8 °C (46 °F).
London is served by London Heathrow Airport. Public transportation is by a wide ranging bus network, taxi and the ‘tube.’
London population is 7,556,900 (2007)
+44 is the international dialing code for UK and
20 is the area code for London
For more information about London
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