Calgary is the largest city in the Canadian Province of Alberta.
The Calgary area was inhabited by Pre-Clovis people at least 11,000 years ago. It was given the origin of its modern name Fort Calgary in 1876. Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural center after the arrival of the railroad in 1883. It was incorporated as “The City of Calgary” in what was then called the North-West Territories in 1894.
One of Canada’s biggest and youngest cities, Calgary offers the best of all worlds, a cosmopolitan city with outstanding outdoor adventure only an hour away in the Canadian Rockies. The Calgary Stampede is the city’s best-known attraction. This event, featuring a large parade and world class rodeo, draws more than a million visitors each year. Other attractions, including the Glenbow Museum, Calgary Tower and Eau Claire Market are great places to visit year round. With a variety of big box stores, shopping malls and specialty boutiques to choose from, Calgary is sure to satisfy your shopping instincts. Calgary also offers a wide variety of dining options. Residents are very proud of Alberta Beef, and Calgarians are choosy clients of the city’s excellent steakhouses. The popular “Chinese” dish of ginger beef was invented in Calgary in the 1970s. There is also a wide selection of international restaurants.
Although Calgary is a very safe place, walking at night should be avoided in the East Village and Victoria Park areas of downtown. Calgary was ranked the world’s cleanest city by “Mercer Quality of Living” in a survey published in 2007 by Forbes magazine.
Calgary has a continental climate with long, but highly variable, winters and short, warm summers. The average temperature in Calgary ranges from a January daily average of −9 C (15.8 F) to a July daily average of 16 C (61 F).
Calgary is served by Calgary International Airport. Public transportation is bus, light rail and taxi.
Calgary population is 1,042,892 (2008).
+1 is the international calling code for Canada
403 is the area code for Calgary
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