Jacksonville is the largest city in the state of Florida. Jacksonville is also the largest city in land area in the contiguous United States. And largely due to that size, Jacksonville has the largest urban park system in the United States, providing facilities at more than 337 locations.
In 1791, the first permanent settlement was called “Cowford.” The Florida Territory was ceded to the United States in 1821, and in 1822, Jacksonville’s current name had been established.
Located along the scenic St. Johns River, Jacksonville is a thriving port town. The city is one of Florida’s industrial, commercial and cultural centers which offers sun-soaked conditions year-round. Recreational opportunities in Jacksonville include water sports, fishing, hiking, biking and horseback riding. The Jacksonville Zoological Gardens is an example of an ecologically aware zoo. The Museum of Science and History has a fascinating display on manatees and dolphins, as well as a Civil War collection. The Friendship Fountain at the west end of Southbank Park is the nation’s largest self-contained fountain, 200 feet in diameter. Check it out at night when 250 colored lights add to its beauty.
Shopping in Jacksonville includes the national chains for basics, as well as independent shops and boutiques for more unique purchases. Be sure to check out Jacksonville’s historic downtown to find the most unusual gifts. The Jacksonville restaurant scene has all the usual national chains and fast food joints, as well as places offering local dishes. Seafood is a specialty.
High temperatures average 64 to 91 F (18-33 C) throughout the year. During winter, the area can experience hard freezes at night.
Jacksonville is served by Jacksonville International Airport. Public transportation is bus, monorail (downtown only) and taxi.
Jacksonville population is 794,555 (2006). Metro Jacksonville is 1,313,228.
1 is the international calling code for the United States
904 is the area code for Jacksonville
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