Oct
14
2010
0

What is Greek Revival architecture?

greek revival architecture“Greek Revival” (sometimes known as Neoclassical) is an architectural style based on ancient Greek temples that spread throughout Europe and the U.S. in the early 19th century. The era was characterized by enthusiasm for classical antiquity and archaeological knowledge, fed by the excavations of Roman ruins at Pompeii and Herculaneum and the commencement of archaeological [&hel[more...]

Aug
23
2010
0

What is the Millennium Bridge at Gateshead?

millennium bridge at gateshead opening and closingThe Millennium Bridge at Gateshead is an impressive footbridge with a novel tilting design which crosses the River Tyne from Gateshead to Newcastle in the north-east of England. It is the first tilting bridge in the world. The quaysides of Gateshead and Newcastle has undergone redevelopment and regeneration since the decline of traditional industries in [&hel[more...]

May
21
2010
0

Does Ivy damage walls?

ivy on a wallThis has been a subject of debate for many years and has particularly exercised the minds of those involved in the heritage industry who protect, conserve and restore our architectural heritage. Ivy may add character to walls, but it is commonly thought that it will damage walls where the existing mortar is already weakened or [&hel[more...]

Oct
08
2009
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Where are the world’s most endangered monuments?

Philippines: rice terraces under threat (Photo by anne jimenez CC-BY-2.0)The World Monuments Fund has issued its list of the most threatened world monuments for 2010. The WMF calls attention to “cultural heritage around the world that is threatened by neglect, vandalism, conflict, or disaster.” The list contains 93 monuments and buildings from across the world. From the richest nations to the poorest. Each of [&hel[more...]

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May
24
2009
0

What is the CN Tower?

CN Tower - courtesy SanGatiche - CC-BYThe CN Tower in Downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a communications and observation tower standing 1,815.4 ft. It surpassed the height of the Ostankino Tower while still under construction in 1975. It then was the tallest free-standing structure ‘on land’ in the world. Because the Petronius Platform oil platform in the Gulf of Mexico is [&hel[more...]

May
24
2009
0

What is the Sears Tower?

Sears Tower - courtesy David Paul Ohmer - CC-BYThe Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. At the time it was finished in 1973 it was the tallest building in the world, surpassing the World Trade Center towers in New York City. It is the tallest building in the United States, and the fourth tallest freestanding structure in the world. In summer [&hel[more...]

May
24
2009
0

What is the Empire State Building?

Empire State Building - courtesy Jim Linwood - CCc-BYThe Empire State Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City. The Empire State Building is legend. Built in the midst of the Great Depression, it was, and still is a testament to American fortitude and ingenuity. It was the world’s tallest building for more than forty years, from 1931 until the completion [&hel[more...]

May
23
2009
0

What is the Chrysler Building?

Chrysler Building - courtesy tiseb - CC-BYThe Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City. Near the beginning of the 20th century, the race for the tallest building in the world got underway and the Chrysler Building was the first building to top the then tallest structure, the Eiffel Tower in Paris. It was the world’s tallest building [&hel[more...]

May
23
2009
0

What is the Shanghai World Financial Center?

Shanghai World Financial Center - courtesy Micah Sittig - CC-BYThe Shanghai World Financial Center skyscraper in Shanghai, China. It is the second tallest building in the world and the tallest in mainland China, including Hong Kong. It is currently the world’s tallest completed building by roof. It tops out at 1,614.2 ft. The most distinctive feature in the design of the building is an [&hel[more...]

May
23
2009
0

What is Taipei 101?

Taipai 101 dominates the skyline - courtesy tylerdurden1 - CC-BYTaipei 101 is a skyscraper located in Taipei, Taiwan. The building is the world’s tallest “completed skyscraper” according to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat.  The Burj Dubai in the United Arab Emirates is not yet ‘completed.’  Since international architectural standards define a “building” as a structure capable of being fully occupied. The [&hel[more...]

May
23
2009
0

What is the Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai)?

Burj Dubai March 2009 - courtesy Joi - CC-BYUpdate – – The Burj officially opened in January, 2010 and was renamed Burj Khalifa.  It is now officially the tallest building in the world. Burj Dubai is a skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Even in its unfinished state, it is the tallest man-made structure ever built. During July 2007, the Burj [&hel[more...]

Apr
26
2009
0

What was the Temple of Artemis?

Temple of Artemis - courtesy heydrienne - CC-BYOne of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis, also known as the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis and completed in 550 BC at Ephesus. Only foundations, which are in a rather swampy hole, and some sculptural fragments remains from the temple. Artemis was [&hel[more...]

Apr
24
2009
0

What is Stalinist Gothic architecture?

Moscow State University - courtesy Argenberg - CC-BYStalinist architecture, (Stalin’s Empire style, also referred to as the Stalinist Gothic, or Socialist Classicism) is a term given to architecture of the Soviet Union between 1933 and 1955, when Nikita Khruschev condemned “excesses” of the past decades. There is nothing quite like Stalinist-Gothic architecture, except the Gotham City backdrops of the Batman films. During [&hel[more...]

Apr
22
2009
0

What is Georgian design?

Decorative plasterwork from the 1770s, in house designed by Robert Adam (photo by ricoeurian - CC-BY)The Georgian era was when four kings all called George were on the British throne one after another  – a period lasting more than a century (1714-1830). Even though fashions in architecture and interior design didn’t stand still, there was an overall Georgian style favoured during this time – in North America as well as [&hel[more...]

Apr
16
2009
0

What is the Red Fort?

Red Fort - courtesy Carlton Browne - CC-BYThe Delhi Fort also known as the Red Fort is located in the walled city of Delhi, India. The largest of old Delhi’s monuments is the Lal Quila, or the Red Fort, the red sandstone walls of which have withstood the attacks of time and nature.The Red Fort was built by the Emperor Shah Jahan [&hel[more...]

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Apr
14
2009
0

What is the Shwedagon Pagoda?

Yangon - Shwedagon Paya, Myanmar - courtesy yeowatzup - CC-BYThe Shwedagon Pagoda also known as the Golden Pagoda, is a 321 ft gilded stupa located in Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar). Gleaming in gold and decorated with diamonds, the huge Shwedagon Pagoda (also Shwe Dagon Pagoda or Shwedagon Paya) in Rangoon is a spectacular work of Burmese temple architecture and is the holiest Buddhist shrine [&hel[more...]

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Apr
14
2009
0

What is the Belem Tower?

Belem Tower - courtesy Allie_Caulfield - CC-BYThe Belem Tower is a fortified tower located in the Belem district of Lisbon, Portugal. It was built in the early 16th century to commemorate Vasco da Gama’s expedition and has become one of the symbols of Lisbon. It was both a ceremonial gateway to Lisbon and part of the city’s defense. In order to [&hel[more...]

Apr
14
2009
0

What is the Royal Palace of Madrid?

Madrid Royal Palace - courtesy andrew bartlett - CC-BYThe Royal Palace of Madrid is the official residence of the King of Spain, though the royal family does not live there. The Palacio Real de Madrid is still used for state occasions. The current palace was first occupied by Carlos III in 1764. The current palace was built on the site of a former [&hel[more...]

Apr
14
2009
0

What is St. Basil’s Cathedral?

St. Basil's Cathedral - courtesy verygreen - CC-BYThe Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed is the most recognized building in Moscow. The cathedral was ordered by Ivan IV, also known as Ivan the Terrible, to commemorate the capture of the Khanate of Kazan, and was completed in 1561. Saint Basil’s is located at the southeast end of Red Square. It is made [&hel[more...]

Apr
14
2009
0

What is the Leaning Tower of Pisa?

Leaning Tower of Pisa - courtesy JackVersloot - CC-BYThe Leaning Tower of Pisa is the freestanding bell tower of the cathedral in the Italian city of Pisa. Outside of the city of Rome with its Collosseum and ancient temples, the Leaning Tower of Pisa may be the most famous landmark in Italy. Though it was designed to stand vertically, the tower started to [&hel[more...]

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