Oct
21
2010
0

Who are the Mandan Indians?

mandan indiansThe Mandans are Native Americans historically living next the Missouri River and two of its tributaries which are the Heart and Knife Rivers located in present-day North and South Dakota.  Unlike other Plains Indians, they established permanent villages and farms growing corn, beans, squash and tobacco.  Though like other Plains Indians, they did participate in [&hel[more...]

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Feb
08
2009
0

Who are the Cree Indians?

A Cree Woman - Image From First People - NKCRThe Cree are one of the largest American Indian groups in North America. There are 200,000 living in communities throughout Canada and in parts of the northern United States. There are Woodlend Cree and Plains Cree but they are both the same people.  Cree Indians from prairie regions, are known as the Plains Cree. Cree [&hel[more...]

Feb
08
2009
1

Who are the Flathead Indians?

Flathead Indian Chief - image from First People - NKCRThe Flathead Indians received their name from white men who first came into to the Columbia River region. The Flatheads do not have flat heads, but other tribes in the area had their babies in a type of cradle board and head bindings which forced their heads to come to a point. Early visitors to [&hel[more...]

Feb
04
2009
1

Who are the Cherokee indians?

Tah-Chee, A Cherokee Chief, 1837 - PDThe Cherokees are original inhabitants of the American Southeast, including Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. In the 1800′s they were forced on the Trail of Tears, the Cherokee name for what the Americans called Indian Removal.  The US government created an “Indian Territory” in Oklahoma and sent all the eastern Native [&hel[more...]

Feb
03
2009
0

Who are the Oneida Indians?

River of St Lawrence (photo by Norman B Leventhal Map Center)The Oneida Indian Nation originally occupied land that stretched from the St. Lawrence River down to the modern day Pennsylvania border. They  were members of the Iroquois Confederacy of tribes, along with the Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Seneca and Tuscarora. Just as their fellow Confederacy members the Oneida were a farming and hunting people. Corn, beans [&hel[more...]

Feb
03
2009
0

Who are the Mojave Indians?

A group of Mohave Native Americans, photographed in 1871 during a geographical survey - PDThe Mojave Indians lived along the Colorado River. The land of the Mojave, which is the the most northern of the Yuman tribes, stretched from Black Canyon (Hoover Dam) and ended about one hundred miles below Parker Dam. They had been there for a few thousand years. Today they live on two separate reservations. The [&hel[more...]

Feb
02
2009
0

Who are the Menominee Indians?

Picture of Amiskquew, a Menominee warrior, painted by Charles Bird King (1785-1862) - PDThe Menominee are a nation of Native Americans living in Wisconsin. Menominee means “wild rice people” in Ojibwe. The Ojibwe gave the Menominees this name because wild rice was their main food crop. Gourmets around the world can thank the Menominee for that wonderful grain. The tribe formerly lived in what is now upper Michigan [&hel[more...]

Feb
02
2009
4

Who are the Assiniboine Indians?

Assiniboine family, Montana, 1890-91 - PDThe Assiniboine, are a Siouan Native American people originally from the Northern Great Plains of the United States and Canada and they were centered in present-day Saskatchewan. This group of people was semi-nomadic, and they followed the bison herds during the warmer months. They did a considerable amount of trading with Europeans and worked with [&hel[more...]

Feb
01
2009
0

Who are the Arapaho Indians?

Arapaho Chief Scabby Bull - PDThe Arapaho are a tribe of Native Americans living on the eastern plains of Colorado and Wyoming. There is no direct archaeological evidence to suggest when Arapaho entered the Plains Culture. They most likely lived in Minnesota and North Dakota before moving to the Colorado and Wyoming plains. At that time they were agricultural people, [&hel[more...]

Jan
30
2009
2

Who are the Comanche Indians?

Chief Quana ParkerComanche Indians, the “Lords of the Plains.” The Comanche Indians, once part of the northern Shoshone tribe of Wyoming, split off from them and moved to their modern location in the Southern Plains. This break-away coincided with their acquisition of horses, which allowed them greater freedom in their search for better hunting.  The Comanches were [&hel[more...]

Jan
28
2009
0

Who are the Pueblo Indians?

Indian Pueblo Cultural Center - courtesy Jonny Brownbill - CC-BYThe Pueblo are the descendants of the ancient Anasazi and Hohokam people. They live in settlements known as Pueblos, a Spanish word meaning village or town. These towns are made up of stone or adobe apartment structures with residents sharing common walls. The Pueblo are mainly an agricultural people, farming mostly corn and cotton in [&hel[more...]

Jan
27
2009
1

What is Acoma Pueblo, Sky City?

The Soaring City - courtesy puroticorico - CC-BYAcoma Pueblo/Sky City, was establishd in the 12th century.  There is evidence it may date earlier. The location was selected because of it being a natural defensive fortress against raiders.  While Taos Pueblo has the oldest continuously inhabited individual structures, Acoma is the oldest continuously inhabited community in the United States. Access to the pueblo [&hel[more...]

Jan
27
2009
0

What is Taos Pueblo?

Taos Pueblo - courtesy jurek d. - Taos is a group of habitations and ceremonial centers which represent a culture derived from the traditions of the ancient Anasazi. Taos Pueblo has been building since the 16th century and is still active today. Archaeological excavation near the pueblo is forbidden so we know little of the Taos ancestors.  But it is thought that [&hel[more...]

Jan
27
2009
0

What is Chaco Canyon?

Chaco Canyon New Mexico - courtesy radzfoto - CC-BYChaco Canyon housed one of the first advanced civilizations in the Southwest. About 30 ancient masonry buildings, some containing hundreds of rooms each, demonstrate Chaco’s importance.  The largest of its centers was Pueblo Bonito. Well made roads thought to be built for traders and the movement of supplies, run from locations 50 miles away to [&hel[more...]

Jan
27
2009
0

Who are the Navajo Indians?

Navajo Hogan - courtesy Wolfgang Staudt - CC-BYThe Navajo Indians are residents of the Four Corners Region (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado). The Navajo people still live in their original territory. They had no ‘trail-of-tears’ as many other Native Americans did. The Navajo lands have the most acreage assigned primarily to a Native American jurisdiction within the United States. The Navajo [&hel[more...]

Jan
11
2009
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What is the Great Serpent Mound?

Ohio Historical Marker - courtesy berriehol - CC-BYProbably the most famous ancient iffigy mound in the United States is the Great Serpent Mound located in Adams County, Ohio.  In fact, Serpent Mound is probably the largest effigy earthwork in the world. It is nearly a quarter of a mile long, and apparently represents an uncoiling serpent. The head of the serpent is [&hel[more...]

Jan
07
2009
0

Who are the Abenaki Indians?

Abenaki man - public domain imageThe question should almost be “Who ‘were’ the Abenaki Indians?” The Abenaki have lived in a region extending across most of northern New England into the southern part of the Canadian Maritimes for perhaps 10,000 years. Prior to European contact, the Abenaki numbered about 40,000.  At one time that number dwindled to only a thousand [&hel[more...]

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